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What are ingrown toenails?


Ingrown toenails (onychocryptosis) are toenails that has pierced or is pressing against the adjacent skin of the toe causing pain, inflammation and sometimes infection.

Initial symptoms include minor discomfort and inflammation, usually after the nail pierces the skin of the toe.

A relatively common condition, ingrown toenails can result from poorly fitted shoes, hereditary and inherited conditions, injury, nail picking and incorrect nail trimming. 

Once the nail has pierced the skin, infection can occur quickly, both under the nail and in surrounding areas. This will be evidenced by swelling, redness and discharge. In addition, pain will increase, often making it difficult to walk or wear enclosed shoes.

Ingrown toenails can sometimes resolve without treatement. Soaking the toe in warm salt water solution and elevating the foot to reduce swelling and pain, are sometimes all that is required. However, persistent pain and inflammation must be checked by medical professionals.
 
It is not uncommon for some people experience more than one ingrown toenail and there are many causes for the nail to grow into the skin.

Even moderately curved nails can cause you pain and infection.  We can treat ingrown toenails at any stage. Even if they are infected. 

We have the most successful way to treat your ingrown toenails offering a simple, effective and permanent surgical procedure.
 
Our main specialist has over twenty years experince treating ingrown toenails and it has been proven it's the most effective treatment available. 

If you think you have Ingrowing toenails or you have tried other treatments unsuccessfully then please contact us and make an appointment. We are located in two very convenient locations: Darlinghurst NSW 2010 (CBD Sydney) and Kingsgrove NSW 2208 (Southern Suburb).


What causes ingrown toenails?

  • Poor nail cutting techinique can result in the nail being cut too far down on one side, creating a small spike of nail which pierces the skin and results in the ingrown toenail.
  • A trauma to the toe caused by an injury, causing disfigurement to the toe or nail. 
  • Incorrectly fitted shoes, not allowing enough space for the nail to grow.
  • Repeated pressure during activities like walking and running so as above make sure running shoes are right size and suitable for your sport.
  • Structure of the nail. If your nail is wide or overly curved it can push down onto and pierce the surrounding skin. Once the toenail has pushed through the skin, the body identifies it as a foreign object leading to redness, swelling and pain while the broken skin increases the risk of infection. This typically type of nail that grows-in regularly, surgical intervation is the best option.

How can you prevent ingrown toenails?

Being aware of some of the risk factors associated with the development of ingrown toenails can help early detection, as well as allow prevention of symptoms worsening in the early stages.

Particular groups - such as those with diabetes, congenitally deformed toenails or an abnormal gait, or who suffer from obesity -need to be especially careful to maintain good foot hygiene. In addition, sufferers of arthritis, oedema and hyperhidrosis should regularly visit a podiatrist for correct nail cutting and foot check up.
 
Trim your toenails properly and regularly to keep them health and strong. Trim them streight across, rather than trimming edges into a curve. Avoid trimming them too short.

Wearing shoes that fit properly. One of the primary factors that predispose a person to develop an ingrown toenail is unfitted shoes. Whether too small or too large, improperly fitted footwear puts enormous stress on the toes, including the nails and surrounding skin. You local podiatrist can advice you to choose the right shoes for your feet.